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Saturday, January 18, 2020

Sequence of Tenses, Exercise 2



Choose the correct answer:

1. I waited for my friend until he /had come / comes / came.

2. He ran as quickly as he /had been able / can / could.

3. He ran away because he /were afraid / was afraid / had been afraid.

4. He was so tired that he / can / could barely stand.

5. After the rain was over, the sun shone / shined / had shone out again.

6. His health has improved since he / left / has left / had left the city.

7. Whenever we meet we / talk / talked / had talked / of old times.

8. Wherever he preaches, people/ gather / gathers / gathered/ to listen.

9. Galileo maintained that the earth/ moves / moved /round the sun.

10. Newton discovered that the force of gravitation / makes / made / apples fall.

11. He rested his horse because it /limped / was limping / had been limping / for some time.

12. He said that he /had passed / passed / was passing / the examination.

13. The building will be demolished when school year / ends / will end / has ended.

14. She likes to display the miniature spoons she /has collected / had collected / collected / since her marriage to an antique dealer.

15. Suddenly we noticed that the clock / had stopped / has stopped / stopped

16. I never thought I / will see / would see / saw / him again.

17. The woman led me to her hut and / tells / told / has told / me to remain there over the night.

Friday, December 13, 2019

Do vs. Make Exercises


DO vs. MAKE

 Choose the correct answer:  
                           
1. What did you do / make at the weekend?

2. It's been a pleasure doing / making business with you.

3. I have to go home and do / make some chores this afternoon.

4. She sat on the sofa, doing / making a crossword and drinking tea.

5. She had toothache, so she did / made an appointment with the dentist for the following day.

6. Unfortunately, Lucy does / makes a lot of work at the weekends.

7. I've done / I`ve made my decision. I'm going back to university.

8. She did a cake last night / She made a cake last night.

9. She did very badly on the exam, so she'll have to retake it / She made very badly on the exam, so she'll have to retake it.


Choose the correct verb:
1. I need to _______ my homework.
 a) do                   b) make


2. She _____ a lot of money at her new job.
 a) does                b) makes


3. Tomorrow he will ______ some exercise. 
  a) do                 b) make


4. Did you _____ your bed this morning? 
a) do                    b) make


5. I can't _____ cookies for the party.
 a) do                     b) make


6. Please ______ the dishes after dinner.
a) do                        b) make


7. Can you ______ me a favour? 
a) do                    b) make


8. Tonight I will ______ my History assignment.
a) do                      b) make


9. I have to go home and _____some chores this afternoon.
a) do                   b) make

10. The storm has ____ a lot of damage to the house.
a) done              b) made

Friday, October 4, 2019

Modal Verbs, Test 3


Choose the correct answer
1. Sally looks worried . She MUST HAVE / COULD HAD a problem with something.

2. Bob CAN’T BE / MUSTN`T  HAVE BEEN at school because I haven’t seen him all day .

3. I COULD HAVE LENT / MUST HAVE LENT you the money. Why didn’t you ask me?

4. Mr Travis hasn’t come to work yet. He has never been late for work. He CAN`T HAVE MISSED / MUST HAVE MISSED the bus.

5. She knew everything about our plans. She MUST HAVE LISTENED / CAN HAVE LISTENED to our conversation.

6. A: Will you come to my birthday party tomorrow afternoon ?
    B : I’m sorry but I CAN’T COME / SHOULDN`T COME because I have to look after my sister.

7. Timmy is a very good boy. He isn’t naughty, so he CAN’T HAVE BROKEN / MUST NOT HAVE BROKEN that window.

8. The street is wet this morning . I’m not sure but it SHOULD HAVE RAINED / MIGHT HAVE RAINED last night.

9. She COULD SING / CAN SING like an angel when she was a child.

10. A : I talked to your science teacher yesterday.
      B : You CAN’T HAVE TALKED / MUST HAVE TALKED to her because she wasn’t at school yesterday.

11. Mrs White bought a new fur coat ! - She COULD HAVE WON / MUST HAVE WON the lottery.

12. He came home alone yesterday. You SHOULDN’T HAVE LET / COULD NOT HAVE LET him do that.

13. He read the message but he CAN`T UNDERSTAND / COULDN’T UNDERSTAND it.

14. The singer has got a sore throat so she CAN’T SING / COULDN`T SING at the concert.

15. It MUST HAVE BEEN / MIGHT HAVE BEEN Jack I saw in the park yesterday, but I’m not sure about it.

16. We can’t wait any longer. Something MUST BE DONE / MAY BE DONE at once.

17. Everyone shouted in fear. They MUST HAVE BEEN / MUST BE very afraid.

18. A : I’m afraid Ted is watching TV again.
      B : He CAN’T BE WATCHING / MUSTN`T BE WATCHING TV because his room is completely silent and dark.

19. He MUST BE SLEEPING  / CAN BE SLEEPING. He is not in the living room.

20. I can’t find my book . I MUST HAVE LEFT IT / MUST LEAVE IT on the bus.

21. She CAN’T BE / MUST BE stupid. She teaches maths at the university

22. She MUSTN’T GO / MUSTN`T HAVE GONE to school. It’s Saturday.

23. You were stupid to go skiing here. You COULD HAVE BROKEN / MUST HAVE BROKEN a leg.

24. He looked so tired when I saw him. He MUST HAVE WORKED / COULD HAVE WORKED so hard.

24. Tom CAN’T HAVE WRITTEN / SHOULDN`T HAVE WRITTEN this because it is in French and Tom doesn’t speak French.

25. They MUST HAVE LEFT / CAN HAVE LEFT in the morning. They are not here now.

26.  I MUST BE / CAN BE tired; I `ve worked too much.

Saturday, September 28, 2019

Modal Verbs, explanations and exercises



MODAL VERBS - OBLIGATIONS AND PROHIBITIONS

When we want o express permission, responsibilities, obligation or prohibition we use modal verbs .

HAVE TO AND MUST are used to express obligation.

DON’T HAVE TO is used to express that something is not required / external obligation
MUSTN’T is used to express prohibition

MUST
MUST and MUSTN’T are the same for all persons¢ 

We use MUST when we think it is important to do an action or we give people¢ orders. 
You MUST be home by eleven
She MUST tidy up her room every day
We use MUST when the obligation comes from¢ the speaker. 
I must go to the doctor, I don’t feel well.
I must have my homework ready tonight
I must stop smoking.                                                       

HAVE TO 
We use HAVE TO when the obligation comes¢ from someone else, not the speaker; for an action that is necessary because of rules.
We HAVE TO be at the airport three hours before the flight leaves. 
At work I HAVE TO wear a uniform
My father HAS TO pay the rent every month.

MUSTN`T
MUSTN’T is used to say that something is against the rules or against the law.
You MUSTN’T smoke at school. 
You MUSTN’T use your telephone on a plane.


EXERCISES
Choose the correct modal verb to fill in the spaces in blank. 

1. You _____ come to the meeting, but it will be nice if you are there. (mustn’t- don’t have to) 

2. You ______ start saving money if you want to retire in a few years. (must- have to) 

3. We _________ to visit the doctor every year because the Social Security requires it. (must- have to) 

4. I ______ call my dad every day. (must- have to)

5. My brother _______ wear a tie at work, I do. (mustn’t – doesn’t have to) 

6. You _____ eat healthier and stop smoking, you will feel better. (must have to) 

7. I _____ study tonight, my exam is tomorrow. (must- have to)

8. People ______ drink and drive cars. It is prohibited (mustn’t - don’t have to)

9. John can’t come because he ____ work tomorrow. (must- has to)        

10.We _______ speak when the teacher is speaking. (mustn’t- don’t have to) 

11. I can hear you. You _______ shout. (mustn’t - don’t have to) 

12. She has a big problem. We ______ help her. (must- have to)

13. You ______ send a document without reading it first. (mustn’t – don’t have to)

Choose have to / has to or don't have to / doesn't have to.

1. Every man ………… do military service in my country. It's obligatory.

2. When do we ………… pay for the next term?

3. Policemen ………… wear a uniform.

4. A pilot ……….. train for many years.

5. Does Susan ………… work long hours?

6. I …………. get up early on Sundays. I can stay in bed.

7. You have ………….. a visa to come to Ukraine.

8. You …. to do it if you don't want to. 

9. My daughter ….. to cook, because I cook for the whole family. 

10. We ….pay. It's free.

Monday, August 26, 2019

Sequence of Tenses, Exercise 1


           
SEQUENCE OF TENSES – CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR

Choose the correct answer:

1. “Well, I was just browsing / I just browsed some photo albums when I started / I was starting to remember our former classmates.”

2. “Oh, how nice! Did you laugh / Were you laughing when you saw our childish faces?”

3. “Not really. Some of us look the same. For example Damian… He has already divorced / had already divorced when I talked to him.”

4. “What happened? He is / is being one of the most intelligent boys.”

5. “Just his luck… When I met / meet him, he was applying for a position in a foreign company.”

6. “What about Alice? She married / had married by the time we graduated high-school.”

7. “I know. She has a company with her husband now. They were celebrating / celebrated her birthday at Miriam’s restaurant when I accidentally came across / was coming across them.

8. “Donna, I’m awfully sorry! I would absolutely like to chat with you, but I baked / was baking some cookies for a while when you called…”

9.”You Did you read / Have you read `Think and grow rich`?

10. “Not yet. I mean I started reading it five months ago, but I didn`t finish / haven`t finished it.”
11. “Do you mean you have been reading / have read it for a few months?”
12. “Well, not exactly. Meanwhile, I read / have read other books, too. I always liked Anthony Robbins. In fact I sent / have sent him an email. I waited / have been waiting for his answer since then.”
13. ”I see. Well, it seems that you were / have been very busy lately.

14. “How many times a week you do you see / are you seeing your grandparents?”

15. “I don`t see / I`m not seeing them very often .”

16. “Did you see / have you seen them today?

17. “No, not today. Today I had / I have had an appointment with my lawyer.”

18. I will stay here until the rain stops / will stop.

19. It`s time you stopped / have stopped feeling sorry for yourself / yourselves.

20. He hoped that he may / might get another chance. 

21. She plays the violin as if her life depends / depended on it.

22. She said she broke / was breaking the plate when she washed / was washing it.

23. They said that the Earth is / was round.

24.  He said he would come to see me after he finished / had finished work.

25. I will have finished studying / will finish studying by the time you come home.

26. She will go to England after she got / has got a visa.

27. Last year I worked more than I did / have done this year.

28. She promised / has promised her mother that she will help her.

29. I thought he would come if he has / had time.

30. He thought she has already come / she had already come.

31. I insist that you write / should write more carefully.

32. It is strange that he should not have accepted / should accept your invitation yesterday.

33. It was necessary that he act / should act like that.

34. John said that he would come when he could / can.

35. I was writing / wrote a letter when Tom was calling me up / called me up.

36. Father adviced / advised us not to go there / to not go there.

37. They found / were finding the book after you left / had left.

Translate into Romanian:

He should go now.                  
He must go now                              
He would go now…
He might go now.                   
He could go now.                             
He may go now.
He must go now.                     
He has to go now                            
He will go now.

Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Verb Tenses, Exercise 15


In the following exercise, you will be presented with sentences, some of which contain inconsistency of tense or other grammar problems.
Which sentences are correct?


Arlene asked he and I to complete the job.

Arlene asked he and me to complete the job.

The football match will be abandoned as it was raining so hard.

Arlene asked him and me to complete the job.

He and I completed the job for Arlene.

He and me completed the job for Arlene.

Jim wanted to visit his grandma but cannot find the money for a train ticket.

We were able to travel to Athens but could not find a hotel.

They left the house around eight, walked to town and end up in their favourite pub.

If I had seen the car earlier, I would have been able to avoid the accident.

You will never be a professional athlete because you didn't eat the right diet.

I couldn't come out with you because I don't have enough money.

She wants to visit India but she had not got enough money.

It is awful here; we could not see a thing.

We are walking along the river bank when the accident happened.

I wanted to travel to India with my friends, but I will not be able to find enough money.

She hated playing the piano, but can sing beautifully.

We left home first thing in the morning and arrive late at night.

We sneaked into the kitchen and raided the fridge.

Sam cooked a fantastic meal and then had to do all the washing up.

I got this souvenir when I was on holiday in India.

Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Adjectives & Adverbs, Exercise 1


Underline the correct answer

1. I often get nervous / shyly in new social situations.

2. I am confident / easily around new people.

3. I often feel excited / nervously before a party.

4. I feel uncomfortable / uncomfortably when I’m nervous.

5. I hope other people think I look attractive / confidently.

6. I try to be a nicely / friendly person.

7. I like to tell jokes and make people laugh. I tell jokes bad / well.

8. I get excited / well when I listen to music and sing along to the songs.

9. It’s never a problem for me to remember people’s names. I do that easily / automatic. 

10. I give my opinion when I feel strong / strongly about something.

11/ She is a very slow / slowly worker.

12. My mother speaks perfect / perfectly German.

13. It was raining very heavy / heavily.

14. He passed his test easy / easily.

15. We`ll have an accident if you don`t drive more careful / carefully.

16. I`ve never seene her dance so good / well.

17. I am real / really sure that I am right.

18. That was a stupid / stupidly thing to say.

19. She was smiling happy / happily.

20. You were very unlucky / unluckily to lose the game.

21. This soup tastes good / well.

22. She looked calm / calmly but I`m sure she was very nervous.

23. They always work very hard / hardly.

24. She often comes late / lately to class.

25.  She is a very good - looking / well - looking girl.

26. You are absolute / absolutely right.

27. Please be quiet / quietly. I`m trying to read.

28. I did really bad / badly in the Maths test.

29. I am extreme / extremely sorry I am late.

30. She can run quicker / more quickly than me.