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Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Miscellaneous, Test 11

Correct the sentences below:

1. John has been working on the pilot project since two years.

2. When he entered the classroom the lecture already was beginning.

3. Mary has returned back her book in the library.

4. If Peter works hard he would get a good mark in the exam.

5. They turn up with the flying colours if they practised well.

6. If he told them about the route they would not have missed their way.

7. She would not have sent the mail if you did not instruct her.

8. If I had painted the picture well it would cost a great deal.

9. If the Manager had received your project on time he would not fire you.

10.The boy, together with his teachers and friends, are going to the beach.

11. A group of people are rushing into the hall.

12. The team is divided in different perspectives on the issue.

13. Neither the party leader nor the party workers was able to calm the distressed people.

14. Data is being collected by the media.

15. She is a real good singer.

16. All Computer Science students should learn computer operating, typing, and how to programme computers.

17. The Lawyer has been warning his clients  last Sunday.

18. Everybody on the board have to come to the discussion sessions.

19. How could they threaten you and she for this issue?

21. He is addicted at cricket, badminton and playing basket ball.

22. Neither his followers nor he were welcomed by the society.

23. Some of you will have to get their own ID cards for inspection.

24. If anyone peeps into the room, capture their photographs.

25. It must have been him who has sent this mail.

26. One should respect your motherland.

27. It happen only rarely in life.

28. Children is watering flowers in the garden.

29. They purchased a new air conditioner next month.

31. It begin to rain as soon as we stepped out of the house.

32. The mother was pray for her  child.

33. Among the two sisters, Hanna is a better dancer

34. The officer has given orders to his soldiers yesterday.

35. The girl sat down besides the lake.

36. The two brothers are quarrelling with one another

37. He did all his work satisfactory.

38. They used to played cricket during their childhood.

39. Christa saw a lots of swans at the lake.

40. Is there some tea in the pot?

41. The building does not have much windows, and so it is dark and gloomy inside.

42. They did not gave him any ideas for his presentation.

43. Eight kilometers are not a long distance for a man who is an athlete.

44. A pair of gloves are lying on the bed.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Modal Verbs, Test 2



MODAL VERBS TEST

·  I'm sorry I _____ come yesterday.
a. could not
b. might not

·  I'm sorry but I _____ be able to come today.
a. could not
b. might not

·  I'm sure that _____ have been him.
a. could not
b. might not

·  I'm not sure, but that _____ have been him.
a. could not
b. might not

·  Let's check the news. The airport _____ be open.
a. could not
b. might not

·  I _____ tell him the truth about Holly... but I should have.
a. could not
b. might not

·  Jane had made other plans, so she _____ come with us to the museum yesterday.
a. could not
b. might not

·  Jane has made other plans, so she _____ come with us to the museum today.
a. could not
b. might not

·  He _____ have possibly won that contest! He was so stupid!
a. could not
b. might not


·  She _____ have told him. That's why he didn't mention anything to me.
a. could not
b. might not

Modal Verbs, Test 1

TEST  ON  MODALS
  1. It`s important for me to work on Saturdays.
  1. I must work on Saturdays.
  2. I need to work on Saturdays.
  3. I have to work on Saturdays.
  4. I should work on Saturdays.
  1. It`s advisable that I work on Saturdays.
a. I must work on Saturdays.
b. I should work on Saturdays.
c. I need to work on Saturdays.
d. I have to work on Saturdays.

  1. It`s absolutely necessary that I work on Saturdays.
a. I should work on Saturdays.
b. I must work on Saturdays.
c. I need to work on Saturdays.
d. I have to work on Saturdays.

  1. It`s not necessary that I work on Saturdays.
   a.I shouldn`t work on Saturdays.
b. I mustn`t work on Saturdays.
c.I needn`t  to work on Saturdays.
   d. I don`t have to work on Saturdays.

  1. It`s important for me to pass that exam.
    1. I need to pass that exam.
    2. I have to pass that exam.
    3. I should pass that exam.
    4. I might pass that exam.
  1. It`s forbidden to smoke in here.
    1. You shouldn`t smoke in here.
    2. You ought not smoke in here.
    3. You don`t have to smoke in here.
    4. You mustn`t smoke in here.
  1. It`s possible that he arrives tomorrow.
    1. He must arrive tomorrow.
    2. He has to arrive tomorrow.
    3. He would arrive tomorrow.
    4. He might arrive tomorrow.
  1. It`s not necessary that I go there.
    1. I mustn`t go there. b. I don`t have to go there.
    2. I shouldn`t go there.  c. I couldn`t go there.
  1. She is obliged to do that.
    1. She must do that.
    2. She has to do that.
    3. She should do that.
    4. She could do that.
  1. I was unable to swim when I was young.
    1. I didn`t use to swim when I was young.
    2. I  didn`t have to swim when I was young.
    3. I couldn`t swim when I was young.
    4. I shouldn`t have swum when I was young.
  1. She expects that you be there at 7 pm.
    1. You should be there at 7 pm.
    2. You must be there at 7 pm.
    3. You have to be there  at 7 pm.
    4. You could be there at 7 pm.
  1. There`s necessary to have a permit to enter the national park.
    1. You should have a permit to enter the national park.
    2. You must have a permit to enter the national park.
    3. You ought to have a permit to enter the national park.
    4.  You could have a permit to enter the national park.
  1. I used to swim in that lake when I was young.
    1. I could swim in that lake when I was young.
    2. I should have swum in that lake when I was young.
    3. I would swim in that lake when I was young.
    4. I must have swum in that lake when I was young.
  1. I suppose she is in California before 9:30.
    1. She might be in California before 9:30.
    2. She must be in California before 9:30.
    3. She can be in California before 9:30.
    4. She should be in California before 9:30.
  1. He surely is our landlord; I would recognize him anywhere.
    1. He should be our landlord.
    2. He might be our landlord.
    3. He may be our landlord.
    4. He must be our landlord.
   16. He says she may go.
  1. He says she is able to go.
  2. He says she is allowed to go.
  3. He says she can go.
  4. He says she might go.
17.Which of the following is most polite and which is most formal?

a. Can I have some water, please?
b. Could I have some water, please?
c. Might I have some water, please?
d. May I have some water, please?

18. Which is correct?
a. I`d rather you go accompanied than alone.
b. I`d rather you would go accompanied than alone.
c. I`d rather you will go accompanied than alone.
d. I`d rather you went accompanied than alone.

19. Nu se poate sa fi facut o asememnea greseala.

a. He mustn`t have made such a mistake.
b. He can`t have made such a mistake.
c. He shouldn`t have made such a mistake.
d. He wouldn`t have made such a mistake.

20. Nu se poate/ Este imposibil sa faca o asemenea greseala.

a. He may not make such a mistake.
b. He can`t make such a mistake.
c. He shouldn`t make such a mistake.
d. He must not make such a mistake.

21. Cred ca probabil am fost putin cam dur cu ea cand a intarziat o ora.

a. I guess I may have been a bit hard on her when she came home an hour late.
b. I guess I can have been a bit hard on her when she came home an hour late.
c. I guess I must have been a bit hard on her when she came home an hour late.
d. I guess I should have been a bit hard on her when she came home an hour late.

22. N-ar fi trebuit sa cumperi bilete pentru spectacol. Le-am cumparat eu deja.

a. You shouldn`t have bought the tickets for the show. I have already bought the.
b. You mustn`t have bought the tickets for the show. I have already bought them.
c. You needn`t have bought the tickets for the show. I have already bought them.
d. You wouldn`t have bought the tickets for the show. I have already bought them.

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

WISH Rules & Explanations

                                                             WISH RULES

1. WISH + LONG INFINITIVE

ex. I wish to go - nu se foloseste foarte des acest tip de exprimare. De obicei folosim verbul want in loc de wish

2. WISH + PAST TENSE - O DORINTA PREZENTA [PRESENT WISH ]

Obs. Cand trebuie sa folosim verbul BE, indiferent de persoana, forma WERE este preferata chiar si in cazul persoanelor I si a III-a singular.

ex. I wish I were you - as vrea sa fiu in locul tau.
She wishes she were him - ea isi doreste sa fie in locul lui

They wish [that este eliptic, de obicei ] they had a big house - ei isi doresc sa aiba o casa mare
He wishes he went to the beach - isi doreste sa se duca la plaja.

3. WISH + PAST PERFECT - PAST REGRET

I wish I hadn`t made that blunder at the party last night - Imi doresc sa nu fi facut acea gafa seara trecuta, la petrecere / la petrecerea de seara trecuta

She wishes he had helped her two days ago - ea isi doreste ca el s-o fi ajutat cu 2 zile in urma [ dar n-a facut-o - past regret ]

4. WISH + WOULD + VERB

Se foloseste pentru:

a. FUTURE EVENTS [ evenimente in viitor];
b. ANNOYING / DISTURBING / IRRITATING SITUATIONS

I wish you would help me as soon as possible - future event.

He wishes she would be home tomorrow. - future event.

I wish you wouldn`t make so much noise at night - annoying situation [ situatie deranjanta / suparatoare ]

5. WISH + COULD + VERB - FUTURE EVENTS / ABILITY

I wish you could help me with my homework

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Time Clause, Exercise 1

Time clauses

  The future simple is not used in time clauses, the simple present tense being used instead.
   Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense (present or future).

1  When he (return) I'll give him the key.
2  He'll be ready as soon as you (be).
3  I'll stay in bed till the clock (strike) seven.
4  She will be delighted when she (hear) this.
5  When the laundry comes I (have) some clean handkerchiefs.
6  I shan't buy tomatoes till the price (come) down.
7  Stay here till the lights (turn) green.
8  When it (get) cold I'll light the fire.
9  The lift (not start) until you press that button. 
10  She'll have to behave better when she (go) to school.
11  When you look at yourself in the glass you (see) what I mean.
12  He (be) here before you go.
13  I (lend) you my cassette recorder whenever you want it.
14  He (wake) up when we turn the lights on. ,
15  He (ring) us up when he arrives in England?
16  He will wash up before he (go) to bed.
17  I won't come to London till the bus strike (be) over. 
18  I (give) the children their dinner before he (come) home. 
19  They will be astonished when they (see) how slowly he works.
20  I'll pay you when I (get) my cheque. 
21  I (go) on doing it until he tells me to stop. 
22  I'll buy that house when I (have) enough money. 
23  You (fall) rapidly through the air till your parachute opens. 
24  We'll have to stay here till the tide (go) out.
25  When the Queen (arrive) the audience will stand up.
26 When the fog (lift) we'll be able to see where we are.
27 The refrigerator (go on) making that noise till we have it repaired.
28 As soon as the holidays begin this beach (become) very crowded.
29 The car (not move) till you take the brake off.
30 The alarm bell (go on) ringing till you press this button.
31 As soon as she (learn) to type I'll get her a job.
32 Look before you (leap). (proverb)
33 We (have) to stay on this desert island till we can repair our boat.
34 Don't count on a salary increase before you actually (get) it.
35 When winter (begin) the swallows will fly away to a warmer country.
36 We can't make any decision till he (arrive) here.

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Present Tense Simple vs. Present Tense Continuous, Test 2


Put the verbs into the correct tense (present simple OR present continuous):

1. The train always _________ ( leave) on time.

2. "What's the matter? Why _____ (cry/you)?"

3. That's strange. They_____(not to watch) TV.

4. He_______(not to speak) very good English.

5. Please be quiet! I______(do) my homework.

6. Where________________(live/they)?

7. Listen! John _______________music! (play)

8. I never ________________(go) to the swimming pool

9. You __________________[ make, always ] noise at night.

10. Her plane _____________ [take off ] today.

11. Hurry up! The bus (wait) _________for us! 

12. Where (we, go) _______________ ? This is the wrong road!

13. My friends (not believe) ________my story.

14. I (read) _________________ a very interesting article in the newspaper.

15. (like, Susan) _____________ horror films?

16. Kate is busy. She ______ [study]  for a test.

17. It’s 9.30 and the children___________ [sit] at their desks.

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Verb WISH, Exercise 1

Choose the correct answer:

1. She failed most of her exams, and now she wishes she __________ harder.
a. works                        b. worked                   
c. would work               d. had worked

2. I had to get the bus to work every day. I wish I __________ a car.
a. have got                     b. had                       
c. would have                 d. had had

3. The weather's terrible today. I wish it __________ a bit warmer.
a. is                             b. was                
c. would be                 d. had been

4. It really annoys me that you never do anything around the house! I wish you __________ from time to time.
a. wash up                      b. washed up               
c. would wash up           d. had washed up

5. I missed my English class yesterday because I went to the doctor's. I wish I __________ it.
a. don't miss                   b. didn't miss           
c. wouldn't miss             d. hadn't missed

6. The last bus always seems to leave early. I wish the driver __________ until the right time before leaving.
a. waits                      b. waited                   
c. would wait             d. had waited

7. My sister will have to cancel her party next week. She wishes she __________ cancel it, but she's broken her leg.
a. doesn't have to     b. won't have to      
c. didn't have to        d. wouldn't have to

8. We went to a new restaurant for lunch and I've been feeling sick all afternoon. I wish we __________ there.
a. go                             b. didn't go              
c. wouldn't go              d. hadn't gone

9. The two brothers are always fighting. Their mother wishes they __________.
a. don't                    b. won't               
c. wouldn't              d. hadn`t

10. I gave that man in the pub my phone number. I wish I __________.
a. won't                   b. didn't have                     
c. wouldn't              d. hadn't

11. My flat is cold. I wish _________
a. it wasn't                 b. weren`t          
c. wouldn`t be           d.  couldn`t be

12. You smoke. I wish ________
a. you wouldn't smoke          
b. didn`t smoke        
c. hasn`t smoked        
d. hadn`t smoked      
       
13. She told him! I wish______________.
a.  she hadn't told him            
b. she didn`t tell him           
c. haven`t told him           
d. hasn`t told him

14. You were too slow getting ready to go out. I wish you ____ so slow getting ready.
a. haven`t been                b. hadn`t been             c. wouldn`t be                  d. won`t be

15. Now we've missed the train. I wish we _______ the train.
a. haven`t missed                  
b. won`t miss                 
c. hadn`t missed      
d. couldn`t miss

16. I promised our friends we'd arrive on time. I wish I _________ we'd arrive on time, because now they'll be waiting for us.
a. wouldn`t promise            
b. hadn`t promise               
c. didn`t promised       
d. hadn`t promised

17. I wish you ___________phone me so early in the morning.
a. wouldn`t                        b. won`t       
c. didn`t                             d. couldn`t

18. I wish you _____ wait until later, because I don`t have the time to finish my report.
a. didn`t wait                    b. wait                  
c. would wait                     d. had waited

19. I wish you _________ me when you're going to be late. It`s disturbing.
a. told                b. would tell                 
c. have told       d. were

20. I haven't got any money. I wish I _____some money.
a. were             b. had been                     
c. had               d. would had

21. I don't earn much money. I wish I _______ some more money.
a. earn                       b. had earned                       c. had earn                d. Earned

22. We're all living in a small flat.
a. I wish we weren't living in a small flat.
b. I wish we were living in a small flat.
c. I wish we lived in a bigger flat.

23. Those children are really noisy
a. I wish they were quieter
b. I wish they would be quiet
c. If only they had been quiet

24. It's very hot.
a. I wish it were cooler       
b. I wish it would rain tomorrow           
c. If only it had rained

25. I wish I  ------     the answer, but I don't.
know      knew    had known      would know



Saturday, February 18, 2017

The Past Perfect Tense Simple & Continuous Explanations

                                            

               PAST PERFECT TENSE SIMPLE

FORM
Affirmative  – Had + 3rd form of verb
Interrogative – Had + S + 3rd form of verb
Negative – S + had + negation + 3rd form of verb

Using the Past Perfect

The past perfect tense is most often used for the following:

1: The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. 
It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

Examples:
I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.

I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.

Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.

Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?

She only understood the movie because she had read the book.

Kristine had never been to an opera before last night.

We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance.

A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?

B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before.

2: With Non Continuous verbs

With Non-Continuous Verbs we use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

Examples:

We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.

By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years.

They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years.

3: In reported speech

The past perfect is common when we report people's words or thoughts .., as in the following examples:

John said that he had never eaten sushi before.

She told me that she had finished, but I knew she had not.

She wondered why he had been so unkind to her.

He told me he hadn't done his homework, but he hoped to finish it on the bus.

I thought I had sent her a birthday card, but I was wrong.

4. If Clauses

The past perfect tense is used in unreal or hypothetical situations, as in the following sentences:

If I had known you were in Frankfurt, I would have called you. (but I didn't know you were here so I didn't call you!)

If I had had enough money, I would have bought you a better present. (but I didn't have enough money.)

I would have been very angry if you had laughed when I got the answer wrong. (but you didn't laugh, so I wasn't angry.)

She wouldn't have been able to finish, if you hadn't helped her. (but you did help her and she did finish.)
I wish I had studied for my exams. (but I didn't study - and I got bad grades!)

I would have been in big trouble if you hadn't helped me. (but you did help me so I stayed out of trouble.)

INVERSION IN IF CLAUSE:

Had you helped her, she would have passed the exams.

5. the past perfect equivalent of the Present Perfect

He had played hockey.
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
The bike is new. I have bought it.
The bike was new. I had bought it.


              PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Form

The past perfect continuous tense is made with the auxiliaries had been + present participle (-ing ending, e.g. working, trying, writing, singing ... )
Positive statement: I had been doing. 
Negative statement: I had not been doing. 
Question form: Had I been doing?
Negative question: Had I not been doing?

Use
It is used for activities that began before a point of time and were still continuing at that point of time.
Last summer Josh had been renovating his house for two years. (He started three years ago and last summer he was still renovating his house.)

Note
The past perfect continous and the present perfect continuous are basically very similar. The difference is, however, that in the present perfect we refer to the present times.
I have been practising since morning. (I am still practising.)
At 11 o'clock I had been practising for two hours. (I began at 9 o'clock and at 11 o'clock I was still practising.)

The past perfect simple vs past perfect continuous

For activities that can continue for a long time we can use both the simple and continuous (work, run, study, travel, sleep ...). 
There is practically no difference in meaning, but the continuous is more usual in English.

Stephen was pretty tired. He had worked all day.

Stephen was pretty tired. He had been working all day.

In other cases these two forms have a completely different meaning.

Before midnight Paul had translated the article. (He finished his work.)

Before midnight Paul had been translating the article. (He did not finish it. He was still translating at that moment.)

If we refer to a number of individual events or events that were repeated, we must use the simple.


Before the lesson ended they had written three tests. (three individual completed activities)

But: 
It was exhausting. They had been writing tests since the lessons started. (one uninterrupted incomplete activity)