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Thursday, August 17, 2017

Adjectives & Adverbs, Exercise 1


Underline the correct answer

1. I often get nervous / shyly in new social situations.

2. I am confident / easily around new people.

3. I often feel excited / nervously before a party.

4. I feel uncomfortable / uncomfortably when I’m nervous.

5. I hope other people think I look attractive / confidently.

6. I try to be a nicely / friendly person.

7. I like to tell jokes and make people laugh. I tell jokes bad / well.

8. I get excited / well when I listen to music and sing along to the songs.

9. It’s never a problem for me to remember people’s names. I do that easily / automatic. 

10. I give my opinion when I feel strong / strongly about something.

11/ She is a very slow / slowly worker.

12. My mother speaks perfect / perfectly German.

13. It was raining very heavy / heavily.

14. He passed his test easy / easily.

15. We`ll have an accident if you don`t drive more careful / carefully.

16. I`ve never seene her dance so good / well.

17. I am real / really sure that I am right.

18. That was a stupid / stupidly thing to say.

19. She was smiling happy / happily.

20. You were very unlucky / unluckily to lose the game.

21. This soup tastes good / well.

22. She looked calm / calmly but I`m sure she was very nervous.

23. They always work very hard / hardly.

24. She often comes late / lately to class.

25.  She is a very good - looking / well - looking girl.

26. You are absolute / absolutely right.

27. Please be quiet / quietly. I`m trying to read.

28. I did really bad / badly in the Maths test.

29. I am extreme / extremely sorry I am late.

30. She can run quicker / more quickly than me.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Test propus – Scoala de Agenti de Politie *Vasile Lascar*, Campina

              
     TEST PROPUS – Scoala de Agenti de Politie                               *Vasile Lascar*, Campina

1. Which of the following words does not have the sound [i:]?:
a) beep           
b) cheek              
c) sick           
d) seek

2. Generally, summer is a hot season. But ... summer of 2005 was rainy and pretty cold.:
a) a              
b) the      
c) -        
d) this

3. If my car had had good brakes I ... it on time.:
a) could have stopped
b) could stop   
c) stopped   
d) had stopped

4. "Where is the money?", John asked:
a) John asked where is the money 
b) John asked where the money is
c) John asked where the money was    
d) John asked where was the money

5. By the time we arrived at the airport, the plane ...:
a) has just taken off
b) had just taken off
c) took off  
d) had just take off

6. I like both Alice and Claire, but I must admit that Alice is ...:
a) the prettier  
b) the prettiest  
c) the most prettiest  
d) the more prettier

7. It is getting ...:
a) more and more cold      
b) more and more colder
c) cold and cold               
d) colder and colder

8. Which of the following words does not have the sound [a:]?:
a) farm;   b) charm;    c) barn;    d) barium.

9. When you came I ... the garden.:
a) watered  
b) have been watering  
c) was watering
d) had watered

10. She can't come right now. She ... on the project:
a) works
b) is working
c) worked
d) work

11. Six pounds ... a low price and everyone ... to it:
a) are, agree
b) is, agrees    
c) are, agrees    
d) is, agree

12. I still ... to ... in such a strange place!:
a) am not used, live  
b) haven't been used, live
c) can't use, living      
d) haven't got used, living

13. He said that he ... as soon as he ... working:
a) would come, would finish    
b) had come, was finishing
c) would come, finished  
d) came, would have finished

14. We ... in the shade an hour on that sunny afternoon:
a) had        
b) lay   
c) lied   
d) lain

15. The police ... investigating a serious murder case for three weeks now:
a) are
b) have been          
c) is    
d) has been

16. He arrived ... London ... 7 a.m. ... a foggy November day. We often have fog ... November:
a) in, at, on, in        
b) at, at, on, during  
c) to, at, in, on 
d) by, on, in, in

17. He ... since I ... home:
a) had read, came          
b) is reading, came
c) read, have come         
d) has been reading, was

18. It is high time he ... told to stop behaving like a child:
a) has been         
b) would be       
c) were    
d) was

19. It is unlikely ... these intructions:
a) for them to understand
b) for them to have understood
c) that they should understand             
d) that they understood

20. He can't tell which of the two girls is ...:
a) the most beautiful        
b) the most beautifulest
c) the more beautifuler           
d) the more beautiful

21. You hardly ever go to cinema, ...?:
a) isn't it   
b) don't you     
c) are you    
d) do you

22. If I'd known we'd have to wait so long, I ... a book.:
a) would bring
b) had brought   
c) brought   
d) would have brought

23. Who has written this novel? It's good. Who ... written by?:
a) this novel has been   
b) has this novel been
c) has been this novel    
d) was this novel

24. "Which of the wto pens would you like?" "... will do .":
a) Any   
b) Either        
c) No one           
d) None

25. No sooner ... home ... the phone rang:
a) hat I got, that    
b) had I got, when
c) did I get, than  
d) had I got, than

26. ... you wish to buy a new car, we'd offer free insurance:
a) Would  
b) Should    
c) Had    
d) Did

27. It's a long time since I ... such a good article:
a) have read  
b) read  
c) have been reading   
d) had read

28. You repeated it, ... was necessary:
a) that   
b) what   
c) who   
d) which

29. Is there anything her worth ...?:
a) buying   
b) to buy   
c) to have bought    
d) to buying

30. Nobody has to do that, ...?:
a) do they  
b) have they   
c) has he   
d) does he

31. I'm not expecting any messages, but if someone ... ring while I am out could you say that I'll be back by 6 p.m.?:
a) would   
b) will   
c) should   
d) can

32. ... again, we might consider her for the job:
a) Were she apply
b) If she had applied
c) Were she to apply     
d) She applied

33. He insisted ... the documents:
a) to see     
b) that he sees    
c) in seeing     
d) on seeing

34. Everyone ... quietly when suddenly the door ... open and a complete stranger ... in:
a) was reading, burst, rushed    
b) were reading, bursted, rushed
c) was reading, bursted, rushed
d) read, was bursting, has rushed

35. "Shall we go to the cinema?" "Yes, ...!":
a) let's            
b) we are      
c) shall we    
d) shan't we

36. I don't believe she has failed the French test again. ... the French test again:
a) She mustn't have failed         
b) She can't have failed
c) I can't believe she could fail    
d) It's impossible she may fail

37. I hope they ... this road by the time we ... back next summer:
a) had repaired, would come    
b) will have repaired, come
c) will have repaired, will come  
d) would have repaired, had come

38. At this time on Monday, the handball team of our school ... be training on the new sports ground:
a) will           
b) would        
c) should      
d) must

39. My sister drives ... than my brother, but I must also admit that she drives ...:
a) faster ... worse   
b) fast ... badly   
c) faster ... worst  
d) fast ... worse

40. If ..., I wouldn't be able to solve the problem:
a) it hadn't been for you  
b) you hadn't been
c) you weren't
d) it weren't for you

41. When the whistle was blown, I felt as if my legs ... stuck to the ground:
a) was
b) were  
c) are 
d) have been

42. I had warned you to study more but you ... listen:
a) won't           
b) mustn't       
c) needn't  
d) wouldn't

43. She has bought two beautiful ... :
a) scarfs      
b) scarves         
c) scarfes          
d) scarvs

44. The receptionist gave him ... valuable ...:
a) a loaf of ... information        
b) a bar of ... information
c) a piece of ... informations      
d) a piece of ... information

45. Which judge ... the witness right now?:
a) hears
b) is hearing
c) will hear
d) has heard

Friday, August 11, 2017

Military Police Force Exam, 2016 Test


Choose the correct answer:

Can you find two - 2 - mistakes made in this test?

Ministerul Afacerilor Interne
Academia de Poliţie„Alexandru Ioan Cuza”
CONCURS DE ADMITERE
Sesiunea iulie-august 2016

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ - FACULTATEA DE JANDARMI SERIA 1 – 05.08.2016 A

1) He ______ a lot of mistakes on the first page of the paper, and he ______the surface.
a) discovered/had only ruined
b) found/ was only scratching
c) searched/had just cracked
d) was spotting/unveiled

2) I am in the ______ as to where Christine was last night.
a) shade
b) dark
c) pink
d) black

3) No one _______________ me why I ______ to work yesterday.
a) has asked / didn't come
b) didn't ask / hadn't come
c) asks / hadn't come
d) would ask /wouldn't come

4) Nelson Mandela, who was born _____ a royal family, was elected president after ______27 years in prison.
a) to /he having served - incorrect answer/wrongly written
b) in/he serviced
c) at/serving
d) of/his stay

The correct answer should have sounded:
a) to / having served or he had served

5) Come what____, I will stand ____ you.
a) may/by
b) will/in for
c) should/next to
d) must/besides

6) Although it may not seem like it, _____________ to help me when I was in trouble.
a) he did try
b) he rather had tried
c) does he try
d) did he try

7) Leicester _______by the Romans, the Celtics and the Normans, _________have left their mark on the city.
a) has been conquered/all of them
b) is conquered/all of those
c) was conquered/ all of whom
d) had been conquered/all of whose

8) It ___________a wonderful hike, _____________we not got lost along the way.
a) would have been /had
b) could be / would
c) might have been / should
d) should be / might

9) "I can't drive," he says.
a) He says he could have driven.
b) He says he can't drive.
c) He says he ought to drive.
d) He says he mustn't driven

10) He shouldn't put so ______salt in his food, ________?
a) many/shouldn't he
b) much/shouldn't he
c) many/should he
d) much/ should he

11) Not until they _____________ the house later this morning, ______ cleaning the house.
a) did they leave /she would begin
b) do they leave / she will begin
c) will leave /will she begin
d) left /did she begin

12) Upset _______, she managed _________cheerfully.
a) as she was/behaving
b) though she was /to behave
c) although she is/to behave
d) as was she/behaving

13) After so much time, Robert finally ______________ his wife during the trial yesterday.
a) admitted to having killed
b) denied to have killed
c) claimed to having killed
d) denied to killing

14) _____________ your help, I wouldn't have been able to stop smoking.
a) But for
b) Hadn't it been
c) If it weren't
d) Providing

15) _______, few of the participants were _________ decriminalising prostitution.
a) Not surprisingly/ in support of
b) Not surprising/in support to
c) Unsurprisingly/in agreement of
d) Not surprisingly/in support about

16) How could Tom possibly lower _______ so as to accept such an atrocious proposal?
a) his
b) to him
c) himself
d) him

17) They claimed they _____ the room________before we came home.
a) painted/themselfes
b) have painted/themselfs
c) had painted/themselves
d) have painted/themselves

18) ________ Bermuda Triangle has received __________fame as _______ area of misfortune because ________ number of ships have disappeared there.
a) - / - / an / a
b) the /- / a / a
c) the / - / an / a
d) - / a / an / a

19) The police _____not to use force ____ the protesters _______violent action.
a) were instructed/unless/took
b) was instructed/if/did
c) have been instructed/whether/made
d) has been instructed/unless/took up

20) I wish she _____harder instead _____TV all the time.
a) studied/to watching
b) would study /of watching
c) will/of watching
d) studies/watching

21) I must ____ this painting ______- it might be valuable.
a) Have/look over
b) To have/ looked at
c) Have had/looked into
d) Have/ looked at

22) Dacă şi-ar fi luat tratamentul, n-ar mai fi bolnavă acum.
a) If she has taken her medication, she isn't ill now.
b) If she were taking the medication, she won't be ill now.
c) If she had taken the medication, she wouldn't be ill now.
d) If she has taken the medication, she wouldn't have been ill now.

23) I _________ Eddie half a dozen times but he _______ the phone.
Try once more. He ___________.
a) have been calling/ doesn't answer/ is sleeping
b) have called/ won't answer / is sleeping - this is the correct answer
c) called/ isn't answering/ has been sleeping
d) have called/ won't answer/ will be sleeping - this is the answer they provided; it`s completely wrong!!!

24) The head teacher ______ to ____him.
a) warned /expose
b) threatened /expel
c) will insist/have exempted
d) will caution/ repel

25) Shall we get _____? It's getting late.
a) to go
b) go
c) going
d) gone

26) We'd just been informed that Tom _____ our new CEO.
a) will be
b) was to be
c) has been
d) is being

27) I really enjoy ______, _______it's difficult.
a) sking/although
b) to ski/also
c) skiing/although
d) to ski/also

28) Jones ____________ the ball into the net and he ________ another goal!
a) kicks/ scored
b) kicks / scores
c) has kicked / scored
d) is kicking/ is scoring

29) All trains ______by the fog. It was after 10 ____we finally got home.
a) were delayed/ when
b) will be postponed/that
c) obstructed/when
d) were suspended/that

30) He didn't _______ the plot of the book so he couldn't _______ what the author wrote.
a) make out/ figure out
b) make up/ put up
c) take up/ look up
d) put out/ come across

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Verb Tenses, Test 10


Rewrite the sentences, using the correct tense of the verbs in brackets (active or passive voice):

1.     I ... just ... (ring) the receptionist to say that the TV was not working in my room when the engineer arrived to fix it.

2.     I had invited Pat and Peter for supper at 8.00, but I didn’t start getting things ready until 7.30 because I knew they ... (be) late. They always were.

3.     We all ... (realize) what a lucky escape we (have).

4.     A friend of mine ... (return) to his house after a holiday to find it ... (break into).

5.     None of his teachers understood how he ...(succeed) in ... (pass) the exam.

6.     I ... (write) to the suppliers asking why the goods ... (not arrive) yet. They replied to say the commodities ... (already send).

7.     Once they settle the agenda, the committee ... (circulate) it to all members of the society.

8.     Nothing ... (move) in the room until the police ... (take) photos.

9.     He avoided ... (sign) the agreement until after certain points ... (clear up).

10.   She admitted ... (steal) some cosmetics from that shop.

Friday, August 4, 2017

DO vs. MAKE 2


The two verbs 'do' and 'make' are often confused. 
The meanings are similar, but there are some differences. One of the reasons these two verbs are confused is that many languages use only one verb to mean both 'do' and 'make'.

For example, in German the verb machen.

1. Am facut focul:

Ich habe feuer gemacht - German

have made the fire - English


2. Tocmai am facut cafea proaspata:

Ich habe uns gerade frischen Kaffee gemacht. - German
have just made us fresh coffee.- English

3. Imi fac temele:

  • Ich mache meine Hausaufgaben. - German [ a se retine ca, in limba germana, toate substantivele se scriu cu litera mare indiferent de locul acestora in propozitie ]

    • I’m doing my homework. - English
  • If one wants to make the difference between German and English verbs "machen" and, respectively, "make" he or she will find out that there are many word pairs in German that are quite confusing when one comes from English into German. 
  • After having many people ask me about the difference between “tun” (to do) and “machen” (to make / to do), I thought I would dedicate  some part of this post to clarifying somehow the situation - but not too much.
    The distribution of machen and tun might seem arbitrary, and indeed like most linguistic things it is to a certain degree. 
  • Different regions use different expressions. Most regions in Germany and Switzerland use the expression “Das macht man nicht!” which means in English "One doesn’t do that! / Don’t do that!"; however, in Austria and certain places in Germany it is not uncommon to hear “Das tut man nicht!” instead of Das macht man nicht!
Anyway, this is a problem of Comparative linguistics which is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness, and, frankly, this is not the real subject of this post.

So,,, let`s go back to the differences between DO & MAKE in English language


DO is used as follows:

1. DO is used when talking about work, jobs or tasks. 
Note, they do not produce any physical object.

Have you done your homework?
I have guests visiting tonight so I should start doing the housework now.
I wouldn't like to do that job.

2. DO is used when we refer to activities in general without being specific. In these cases, we normally use words like thing, something, nothing, anything, everything etc.

Hurry up! I've got things to do!
Don't just stand there – do something!
Is there anything I can do to help you?

3. We sometimes use DO to replace a verb when the meaning is clear or obvious. This is more common in informal spoken English:

Do I need to do my hair? (do = brush or comb)
Have you done the dishes yet? (done = washed)
I'll do the kitchen if you do the lawns (do = clean, do = mow)

When do you use MAKE?

Make is for producing, constructing, creating or building something new.

It is also used to indicate the origin of a product or the materials that are used to make something.

His wedding ring is made of gold.
The house was made of adobe.
Wine is made from grapes.
The watches were made in Switzerland

We also use Make for producing an action or reaction:

Onions make your eyes water.
You make me happy.
It’s not my fault. My brother made me do it!

Use make after certain nouns about plans and decisions:

make the arrangements              make a choice

We use Make with nouns about speaking and certain sounds:

make a comment 
make a noise                  
make a speech

We use Make with Food, Drink and Meals:

make a cake             
make a cup of tea              
make dinner

Compare Do and Make

A: You have to make a cake for Simon.
B: I’ll do it later.

Notice how the verb DO is used by "B", in his / her answer. This is because the meaning is clear and to avoid saying “I’ll make it later.” which could sound repetitive.

Common Expressions with Do and Make

The following expressions are set collocations (combinations of words that frequently appear together) that you need to learn:

Expressions with DO

The following words are normally used with Do:
  • a course
  • a crossword
  • a dance
  • a drawing
  • a favor / favour
  • a job
  • a painting
  • a project
  • a service
  • an assignment
  • anything
  • badly
  • business
  • chores
  • damage
  • everything
  • exercises
  • good
  • harm
  • laundry
  • nothing
  • research
  • right (the right thing)
  • something
  • the gardening
  • the housework
  • the ironing
  • the dishes
  • the rest
  • the shopping
  • the washing
  • well
  • work
  • wrong (the wrong thing)
  • your best
  • your hair
  • your homework
  • your job
  • your nails
  • your work

Expressions with MAKE

The following words are normally used with MAKE:
  • a bet
  • a cake
  • a call
  • a change
  • a choice
  • a comment
  • a complaint
  • a confession
  • a connection
  • a cup of coffee / tea
  • a date
  • a decision
  • a demand
  • a difference
  • a discovery
  • a face
  • a fool of yourself
  • a fortune
  • a friend
  • a fuss
  • a joke
  • a line
  • a list
  • a living
  • a loss
  • a mess
  • a mistake
  • a noise
  • a pass at someone
  • a plan
  • a point
  • a prediction
  • a profit
  • a promise
  • a reservation
  • a sandwich
  • a scene
  • a sound
  • a speech
  • a statement
  • a suggestion
  • advances
  • alterations
  • an appointment
  • an announcement
  • an attempt
  • an effort
  • an error
  • an escape
  • an exception
  • an excuse
  • an impression
  • an observation
  • an offer
  • amends
  • arrangements
  • breakfast
  • certain
  • clear
  • dinner
  • faces
  • famous
  • fun of someone
  • love
  • lunch
  • inquiries
  • peace
  • possible
  • progress
  • money
  • room
  • sales
  • sense
  • someone rich
  • someone smile
  • sure
  • trouble
  • war
  • your bed
  • your mind up
  • your way
 Exercise: choose do or make; pay attention to the verb tense forms !
  1. ----------------the shopping every Friday afternoon.
  2. Please, can you -------------------------a reservation for me?
  3. She doesn't ---------------------much money.
  4. Nobody helps my mother to --------------------- the housework.
  5. Will you -------------------------- me a favor? Help me carry this table.
  6. Let's ------------------------------the appointment for 10:00 in the morning.
  7. Try not to -------------------- any grammar mistakes in your writing.
  8. Oh, dear! There is so much laundry to ----------------------------- !
  9. She always ------------------- the dishes late at night.
  10. I'll ----------------------- spaghetti for dinner. Do you like it?
  11. She-------------scrambled eggs for breakfast.
  12. Please, ------------the dishes after dinner.
  13. He is a carpenter. He ------------furniture.
  14. Two plus three ..........five
  15. ----------- something!
  16.  .........up your mind.
  17. When I went back to the kitchen I saw the children had __________ a mess on the floor ...
  18. When I got outside the door I had to __________ my way through crowds of demonstrators to get to my car.
  19. The first thing he wanted me to __________ was to make up a good slogan for a publicity campaign.
  20. I went to my desk but as soon as I began to work I realized someone had __________ something childish and stuck my mouse to the table with chewing gum.
  21. I didn't want to __________ a mountain out of a molehill so I said nothing.
  22. I took the research to my boss but he __________ an excuse and didn't look at it.